“Education is not preparation for life; education is life itself.” The famous quote of John Dewey simply says it all. Society is dependent on its individuals and education plays an important role in developing communities. Education provides humans with the ability to improve their performance and lifestyle by making informed choices and by forming opinion on political issues concerning themselves. Developed nations invest heavily on education as they realize the importance of providing education to their citizens.In the UK there are many adult education centres that deal with the education of adults in the workplace, through continuing education courses at colleges, universities or lifelong learning centres. Adult education is often referred to as ‘second-chance’ or ‘training and development’ and many schools offer tailor-made courses and learning programs for the returning learners. Hence, these adult education centres play a vital role in society since education contributes to the development of communities.Adult education is different from traditional children’s education since adults have accumulated knowledge, and work experience which adds to their learning experience. They often apply their knowledge practically to learn more effectively. For instance in the 1990s when PCs were newly introduced many adults, mostly office workers, enrolled in computer training to learn the basic use of the operating system or specific application software. Most of the adult education centres provide one to one tutoring and small group sessions for adults.Continuing education is also called further education in the UK, which refers to post-secondary learning activities and programs. The post-secondary learning activities include degree credit courses by non-traditional students, non-degree career training, workforce training, on-campus and online formal personal enrichment courses, self-directed learning through Internet interest groups, clubs or personal research activities, and experiential learning as applied to problem solving. The method of delivery of continuing education can include traditional types of classroom lectures and laboratories.However, mostly continuing education is offered through distance learning, including videotaped/CD-ROM material, broadcast programming, online/Internet delivery and online Interactive Courses. Continuing education is basically for those adult learners who are beyond the traditional undergraduate college or university age. However, further education assumes adults have basic education and are continuing with their education hence it does not include basic instruction such as literacy, English language skills, or programs such as vocational training.For more information regarding Adult Education Centres in the UK refer to SearchMe4 online business directory.
Being a successful adult student is significantly different from being a successful high school student, and it does no’t matter if you go directly from high school into college or if you are returning to school after some years of working. There are skills necessary for adult education, skills which, while helpful in high school, do not really become critical until you are continuing your education as an adult.The difference between secondary education and adult education can be partially explained by the need to balance your schooling with other demands upon your time, your energy, and your time. Even if you worked in high school, such work was in addition to your schooling, but if you are attending school as an adult you need to balance work, and other forces, with your schooling.The other major difference between secondary education and adult education is the difference in expectations, both by yourself and by your instructors. In high school, your teachers were willing to accept excuses; you were, in their eyes, a person developing your personality and skills. However, in adult education, you are assumed to have developed your life skills, your studying skills, and your classroom skills. While the instructor is willing to help you improve, you are assumed to be responsible for your capabilities.One of the areas in which you need to have a developed capability is in your attitudes. The adolescent attitudes of high school are no longer acceptable, and your instructors are going to assume that you have the attitudes and principles necessary to learn as an adult. So the question naturally arises, what are those attitudes necessary for adult education? Let us explore them.Having GoalsIn grade school, it is acceptable if you have not really set your goals. After all, you are still growing, at least mentally, well beyond your teen-age years. However, by starting your education at an adult level, you need to have the ability to set goals. The instructor will not give your goals to you, although they would be glad to help you do it yourself. Without a clearly defined set of goals, the chances of you getting a post-secondary degree drop dramatically (approximately to 1 in 5, based on my personal observation). The reason for this is that without the goals to drive you the outside considerations of life become overwhelming.PerseveranceAs an adult learner, you will encounter subjects and classes which will be difficult, even if you could cruise through high school. These classes will eventually stretch you to your limits, for no matter how much you know, there is someone who knows more, and that someone is often teaching a class. Also, as has been said, life will continue to put challenges in your way. Thus, both in school and out you will be faced with reasons to quit your classes and quit your schooling. You must find the means to persevere, to continue on. This perseverance is often a combination of the drive provided by your goals and your belief in yourself.Self-BeliefAdult education requires you to believe in yourself. No longer is the driving force external; the reason you go to school beyond high school must include the belief that you can do the work. This belief must be extended to include the belief that you will do the work. Maybe you do not see how to get it all done right away, but you must have the belief that you will find a way. Without this belief, you will become overwhelmed, and will very likely quit your schooling.Be Open MindedI very carefully did not use the word tolerant, although tolerance can be a valuable attitude. However, you must be open minded to the process of education. This means you must accept two premises which many people find hard: first, you must accept that your instructor knows more than you do, and second, you must accept the fact that you will (occasionally) be wrong. The first premise means that you need to listen to your instructor in the class; it does not mean that the instructor is better than you, only that they know more about the subject of the class than you do. The second premise is necessary for you to learn new things; as the saying goes, before you can be great you must be good, and before you can be good you must be terrible. Accept this premise, and learn from your mistakes.Conquer ProcrastinationThe final absolutely required attitude for adult education is the overcoming of procrastination. The work of adult education cannot be done overnight, which is likely how you got through high school. The adult class will meet once or twice a week, and the assignments are designed to fill in that gap. This means that it is likely the assignments will take more than one study session to complete. The result of this premise is a need for planning and prioritizing, which are discussed elsewhere. Do not make the mistake of putting off the work of the class, for it is likely that you will not complete the assignment if you do so. The typical rule is that there will 1 hour of work outside of the class for every credit the class is worth every week; for example, a 3 credit class will typically need 3 hours of work outside of class every week. Do not be surprised if it takes more.Other attitudesThe attitudes discussed here are not the only attitudes which will help you succeed as an adult student, but most of the students I have seen who have not completed their program of study have done so because they were missing one or more of these attitudes. Each of these attitudes is worthy of further exploration, and they are linked to other attitudes that will improve your chance of success. Each of them can be developed, if you choose to do so. Developing these attitudes is well worth the effort, and even if you feel you have the proper attitudes, recognize you can always improve. That is the best benefit of being human. I hope you choose to do so, and I look forward to your success as a continuing adult student.
If you are an organisation based in the United Kingdom, chances are good that the latest changes to safeguarding legislation may have a direct impact on your recruitment plans moving forward.Navigating the evolving safeguarding landscape can prove challenging for companies whose core competency lies elsewhere, hence this article – a quick guide for company directors and HR managers to check whether they are compliant with the latest safeguarding legislation?This article covers the entire spectrum of companies from those employing a handful of employees or volunteers, to large corporations employing tens of thousands of personnel. In addition to the impact on recruitment and serving to highlight which job roles require Criminal Records Bureau checks under the new legislation, I will cover the requirements for staff training in both child protection and safeguarding vulnerable adults. Finally I touch on best practice safeguarding recommendations.So What does Your Organisation Need to Consider?If your organisation works with any setting that involves children, young people or vulnerable adults, their parents, carers or families, you will need to comply with a variety of government guidance, legislation and best practice recommendations. It is worth highlighting that received perception of what constitutes a vulnerable adult may need refining. For example, any adult undergoing medical treatment becomes a vulnerable adult. In the dental sector this effectively means that anyone sitting in the dentist’s chair becomes a ‘vulnerable adult’.What Does Your Organisation Need to do About Safeguarding Children & Young People?If anyone in your organisation, whether on a voluntary or employed basis, works regularly with children, their carers, parents or families then your organisation does need to comply with Child Safeguarding legislation and Best Practice recommendations and in order to be compliant you should:• Have a current Child Safeguarding Policy and set of procedures including Rigorous Recruitment procedures.• Have a Lead and Deputy or Designated Professional and Deputy for Child Safeguarding who are not closely related through living arrangements or marriage.Worthy of note is that if you are engaged with both children and vulnerable adults the Lead and Deputy can be the same people for both areas.You should also provide:• Appropriate Child Safeguarding training for all staff who work with children, their carers and their families.• Appropriate Leading on Child Safeguarding training for the designated Lead and Deputy or Designated Professional.• Some, if not all of the staff in your organisation, will need to be checked by the CRB (see later in article for details).What Does Your Organisation Need to do About Adult Safeguarding?If anyone in your organisation, whether on a voluntary or employed basis, works regularly with vulnerable adults, their parents, carers or families then your organisation needs to comply with Adult Safeguarding legislation and Best Practice Recommendations (as mentioned previously it’s worth remembering that the definition of a vulnerable adult includes any adult undergoing medical treatment).Compliance demands that you should have:• A current Adult Safeguarding Policy and set of procedures including Rigorous Recruitment procedures.• A Lead and Deputy for Adult Safeguarding who are not closely related through marriage or living arrangements. Worthy of note is that if you are engaged with both vulnerable adults and children the Lead and Deputy can be the same people for both areas.You should also provide:• Adult Safeguarding training for all staff who work with vulnerable adults, their families and carers.• Leading on Adult Safeguarding training for the Lead and Deputy.• Some, if not all of the staff in your organisation, will need to be checked by the Criminal Record Bureau (CRB).Does My Company Need to Carry Out CRB Checks?There are two levels to CRB checks, namely Basic and Enhanced. They differ both in terms of cost and their depth of research.Personnel Requiring CRB Checks at Enhanced LevelIf any of your staff or volunteers work in ‘Regulated’ positions such as teaching, coaching, supervision or treatment and have regular contact (at least 4 times a month) with children, young people or vulnerable adults, these personnel all require CRB checks at an Enhanced level. The Enhanced level CRB includes checks against Police National Computer (PNC) databases for cautions, warnings, reprimands and convictions. The check also uses the Independent Safeguarding Authority (ISA) Barred Lists and Police Force Information.Personnel Requiring CRB Checks at the Standard LevelStandard CRB checks are required for posts in security, certain financial work and for those who come into direct contact with children, young people or vulnerable adults, e.g. dental receptionists.Your Quick Guide to CRB ChecksIf you are uncertain which CRB checks apply then the quick reference guide below might help. If the job role (paid or unpaid) you are assessing does not fit this guide then please contact me via the link box at the bottom of this article for further assistance.In all cases refer to Step One and only use Step Two if you need to answer questions one and twoStep OneQuestion OneDoes the job involve working directly and regularly with, or being in sole charge of, children and young people under 18 years of age that are involved in teaching, training, supervision, advice, health care, treatment, specialist transport (such as driving children’s bus), moderating a children’s or vulnerable adults’ website, a trustee of a charity which works directly with children or vulnerable adults or someone working with adults receiving care or health treatment of any kind?ANDQuestion TwoIs the job frequently (4 times a month) intensively and/or overnight: Once a week for most services, but once a month or more for health and social care services involving personal care, takes place on 4 days in one month or more or between 2am – 6am?If you answered YES to both questions One and Two, you can ask for a CRB check at the Enhanced level, as the employer may ask an “exempted question” under the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974If you answered NO, the employer would be breaking the law by requesting a CRB checkSTEP TWOQuestion OneIs the job in a school or FE college, living in the same household where the work with children takes place e.g. host families, child or vulnerable adult specific care home or hospital?ANDQuestion TwoIs the job frequently (4 times a month) intensively and/or overnight (and for contractors in the same place)?ANDQuestion 3Does the work give opportunity for contact with children or vulnerable adults?If you answered YES to all 3 questions in Step Two, you can request a CRB check at the Enhanced level, as the employer may ask an “exempted question” under the Rehabilitation of Offenders Act 1974If you answered NO, the employer will be breaking the law if a CRB check is requested.If the job can be assessed as YES in either step then it comes under the Safeguarding Vulnerable Groups Act 2006 ( Part 1 of Schedule 4 for children & young people, Part 2 of Schedule 4 for vulnerable adults)NB: Standard CRB checks only check the Police National Computer (PNC) and can be used for specific jobs in security, health, law and financeWhat About CRB Checks For The Self Employed?Self employed people cannot CRB check themselves. If you are self employed and believe you need a CRB check, please contact me for advice.Hopefully this will help you remain compliant with the latest legislation.